The world has seen many evil rulers in the history, so we come with a list of top 10 evil rulers in history of 20th century. Our intent is not to glorify the dictators by ranking them but to aware 10 of the evil rulers, who are horrific individuals of the past. They killed mercilessly and had a major negative impact on their own country’s history.
We have listed only 10 of these rulers, but there are many such names like Mao Zedong and Kim Il Sung among which were not included in the list.
Here are top 10 of history’s most evil rulers
10. Robert Mugabe (Zimbabwe)
Robert Mugabe was elected as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980 in an election marked with fraud. Mugabe showed the world how he handled the opposition by embarking on a terror campaign against rival supporters in Matabeleland that resulted in the murder of over 20,000 civilians.
He left journalists muzzled and rigged two elections held in his era. But the most widely publicized misdeed of Mugabe’s reign came in 2000, when he embarked on a land redistribution program which involved intimidating land out of white farmers and handing it over to ZANU supporters, many of whom had never farmed a day in their lives.
9. Slobodan Milosevic (Serbia)
Slobodan Milosevic was the was the President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997. He built his political career on nationalism, winning popularity among the Serbian people by espousing their superiority within Yugoslavia. He embarked on a series of ethnic wars against Slovenia, Croatia, and Bosnia, inspiring the ethnic cleansing of hundreds of thousands of Albanian Kosovars in 1999.
Milosevic’s secret police were responsible for the military launched attacks against civilian populations. Bill Clinton called Milosevic “Europe’s last dictator”. Milosevic has been arrested for war crimes in 2000.
8. Idi Amin (Uganda)
Idi Amin was the third President of Uganda, ruling from 1971 to 1979. He established a military dictatorship and because he was a devout fundamentalist Muslim and an extreme nationalist, immediately set about driving out foreign citizens and business from Uganda.
Amin’s rule was characterized by human rights abuses, political repression, ethnic persecution, extrajudicial killings, nepotism, c orruption, and gross economic mismanagement. The number of people killed as a result of his regime is estimated by international observers and human rights groups to range from 100,000 to 500,000. He is one of the most evil rulers in History.
7. Mobutu Sese Seko (Zaire)
He was the military dictator and President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1965 to 1997. Mobutu was originally a member of Patrice Lumumba’s government. When Zaire won its independence from Belgium in 1960, Mobutu overthrew his own government, installing himself as president. He used the power and exploited to increase personal wealth. By 1984, Mobutu’s personal wealth was estimated at $4 billion dollars, equivalent to country’s foreign debt.
6. Saddam Hussein (Iraq)
He was the fifth President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003. He spearheaded Arab opposition to the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel, then initiated the 1980 Iran-Iraq War. During this conflict, Saddam ordered the use of chemical weapons to suppress a Kurdish uprising in northern Iraq. Saddam even ordered the murders of approximately 40 of his own relatives. Saddam also became an enemy of the Western countries and evil rulers of 20th century.
5. Francois Duvalier (Haiti)
This physician and voodoo practitioner were first elected to the presidency of Haiti in 1957. Commonly known as “Papa Doc,” Duvalier took the liberty of rewriting his country’s constitution, then won the 1961 election in what was presented as a completely unanimous victory: 1.32 million votes for, 0 against. Even as Duvalier reduced the size of the army, he built himself a machete-wielding secret police known as the Tonton Macoutes. As they weren’t paid, the Tonton Macoutes were given clearance to extort citizens for their livelihood.
In 1964, Duvalier declared himself president for life and claimed responsibility for the death of John F. Kennedy
4. Augusto Pinochet (Chile)
Augusto Pinochet came to power by way of a 1973 military coup. After establishing his rule, Pinochet dissolved the constitution and congress, banned all political parties and imposed censorship on the media. He then began a campaign of terror against those sympathetic to the left.
About 3,000 alleged opposition members were assassinated or mysteriously disappeared, and an additional 27,000 were imprisoned and tortured. Torture methods included Russian roulette, electrocution, and rape. He is one of the most evil rulers in History.
3. Pol Pot (Cambodia)
It was his resentment of the ruling French colonial government that pushed Saloth Sar, later known as Pol Pot, into politics. He became involved with the Cambodian Communist Party and then leader of its guerrilla faction, the Khmer Rouge. After a successful 1976 coup, Pol Pot installed a despotic government which oversaw the imprisonment, exile or murder of 20% of the country’s population. In all, two million people are estimated to have been killed.
Under Pol Pot’s rule, a slew of neighboring countries were attacked, all foreign languages were banned and the country’s wildlife was traded to the Chinese for weapons. Pol Pot was deposed in 1979 but continued leading the Khmer Rouge from the mountains. In 1997, he ordered the murder of his defense minister, his wife, and his nine children.
2. Joseph Stalin (USSR)
Stalin was dictator of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1953. When he was young he was a bank robber, an agitator, and an assassin. After a long road to get into power, he became a paranoid, ruthless, unforgiving, brutal and vengeful dictator. He created a 30 year reign of violence, terror, destruction, and murdering. Anyone who spied on him, displeased him, or voted against him was doomed to die. His first plan was to create the Soviet Union into an industrial superpower country. To do that would cause the deaths of countless numbers of people.
Hundreds of thousands of people from other countries were tortured, raped, or killed. People were often killed by mustard gas bombs. More than 1.5 million German women were raped from the Soviet Union. Recent evidence shows that Stalin had his own Final Solution in which hundreds of thousands of Jews were exiled or killed. Stalin wanted the Soviet Union to become a country strong enough to rival the U.S., but if they were stronger than the U.S., he would want the 2 countries to fight a war. Stalin killed 20 to 60 million people. Stalin ruled over Russia from 1922 until his death in 1953.
1. Adolf Hitler (Germany)
Hitler was the evilest rulers in History. He was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to his death in 1945, becoming Germany’s Fuhrer. A former soldier and artist, Hitler was about 30 when he discovered his own oratorical skills, which he would later put to use promoting the policies of his Nazi Party. From the outset, Hitler blamed Germany’s problems on those with impure blood.
Hitler’s master plan was to create a German Reich of genetic purity. This, of course, put into motion the events that culminated in World War II and the murder of six million Jews as well as thousands of social outcasts like homosexuals and the handicapped. Facing defeat, the ever-malicious Hitler convinced his wife as well as close aides and their family members to kill themselves.
Reference: wikipedia.org and www.biography.com